Mount Everest - Highest Peak on Earth
Mount Everest is on the border between Nepal and Tibet (China). It is in the Himalayan mountain range, which stretches 1500 miles from Northeastern Pakistan to Bhutan. Of the fourteen above 8,000 meter peaks, nine are located in the Himalayas making Everest the highest peak on earth - thus clearly the top of the world.
Apart from its heavenly beauty that cannot be compared with anything living on this earth, Mount Everest is also the toughest to summit. It is well beyond the considered death zone that starts at an altitude of 8000 metres.
The ultimate frontier of human ability
Touching the open sky and standing tall at 8850 metres (29,035 feet), the altitude at which commercial airplanes fly, Mount Everest is like no other place on earth. With 66% lesser oxygen, one-third the atmospheric pressure of sea level, wind speeds rivaling hurricane speeds going up to 200 mph and temperatures as low as -40 degrees centigrade, Mount Everest is one of the most inhospitable places on earth.
The availability of atmospheric oxygen and the atmospheric pressure are so low that human life cannot sustain for more than 24-36 hours. The human body starts to deteriorate rapidly because of the lack of plasma that makes the blood thicker, and the lack of red blood cells carrying oxygen to the muscles including the heart and lungs. It is therefore not surprising that the mortality rate among the climbers of Mount Everest is around 4% - higher than any other sport or activity
Most people who survive come back with frost-bitten fingers and toes that need to be amputated.
It is for these very reasons, that the Mount Everest
of the Himalayas
is considered the ultimate frontier of human ability.